The peppery spice cumin appeared in the Bible as a seasoning for soup and breads. The seeds were paid to priests. And in ancient Egypt, cumin was used to preserve the mummies of pharaohs.
Now a new study shows cumin may also help you finally burn off those extra pounds.
Researchers in Iran wanted to know the effect of this ancient spice on body composition as well as blood fat levels.
They randomly assigned 88 overweight or obese women to one of two groups. Both groups followed a reduced calorie diet and received nutrition counseling. But one group ate yogurt with three grams of cumin twice a day. The other group ate plain yogurt.
The results were published in the journal Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice. [i]
After just three months, the cumin group members on average lost almost 50% more weight than the control group. They also decreased their body fat percentage by 14.64% or almost three times the control group’s loss.
The cumin group also lowered their body mass index and waist circumference significantly more than the control group.
The authors speculated that cumin’s weight loss benefits may come from its heat. It may temporarily increase metabolic rate.
Cumin also significantly reduced blood lipid levels. Triglycerides dropped 23 points compared to only five points in the control group. And LDL cholesterol dropped an average of 10 points compared to less than one point for the controls.
Cumin contains more than 100 different chemicals including essential fatty acids and volatile oils. The researchers believe the cholesterol lowering effect of the spice can be partly attributed to its glycoside saponins. These compounds prevent cholesterol absorption and increase its excretion. Cumin also contains a substantial amount of phytosterols that may positively modulate lipids by reducing cholesterol absorption.
The authors suggested that supplementing with cumin could effectively reduce triglycerides and cholesterol as well as reduce risk factors for metabolic syndrome. [Note: we do not believe that low cholesterol is necessarily a good thing; to the contrary, it cholesterol deficiency may damage your health].
Cumin is native to Egypt. For thousands of years it has been cultivated in the Middle East, India, China and Mediterranean countries.
It belongs to the same plant family as caraway, parsley, and dill. In fact, the cumin seed resembles caraway but the taste is quite nutty and peppery.
You’ll often find cumin as an ingredient in curry powder blends. It’s popular around the world and is found in Mexican chili as well as Indian and Middle Eastern cuisines.
Like most spices, cumin has a long list of potential health benefits.
A 2008 animal study in the journal Experimental Biology and Medicine showed that cumin seeds inhibited loss of bone density and strength as effectively as estrogen. But unlike estrogen, cumin did not promote weight gain or uterine cancer.
Traditional medicine used cumin seeds to support the digestive system. Modern research shows that cumin may stimulate the secretion of pancreatic enzymes, acids, and bile necessary for proper digestion. The essential oil of the cumin plant also contains a compound called cuminaldehyde that activates salivary glands to help predigest food. It also relieves gas and improves appetite. And it offers relief for IBS symptoms.
Research published in 2010 in the journal Food Chemistry and Toxicology showed that cumin could lower blood sugar on a par with the drug glibenclamide (known in the US as glyburide). It also lowered oxidative stress and inhibited the advanced glycated end products (AGE) which are implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular complications.[ii]
An earlier animal study found that cumin was more effective than the drug glibenclamide to reduce inflammation, cholesterol, triglycerides, free fatty acids, and blood glucose.[iii]
Here’s how to get more cumin into your diet.
- Add cumin to the pot when you’re cooking soups, stews, chili, rice, beans, or lentils.
- Sprinkle cumin on vegetable sautés. It goes well with sweet potatoes, carrots, squash, and cauliflower.
- Add to marinades, salad dressings and mayonnaise.
- Sprinkle on roasted nuts or chickpeas.
- Add to the meat mixture when making meatloaf, meatballs, or hamburgers.
- Beat into scrambled eggs before cooking.
- Buy some cumin seed tea or brew your own by boiling the seeds in water and letting them steep for 10 minutes.
For more information visit GreenMedInfo’s cumin research page.
[i] Roghayeh Zare et al. “Effect of cumin powder on body composition and lipid profile in overweight and obese women.” Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 20 (2014) 297e301
[ii] A G Jagtap, P B Patil. Antihyperglycemic activity and inhibition of advanced glycation end product formation by Cuminum cyminum in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010 Aug-Sep;48(8-9):2030-6. Epub 2010 May 6. PMID: 20451573
[iii] Surya Dhandapani, Vijayakumar Ramasamy Subramanian, Senthilkumar Rajagopal, Nalini Namasivayam. Hypolipidemic effect of Cuminum cyminum L. on alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Pharmacol Res. 2002 Sep;46(3):251-5. PMID: 12220968
[iv] Gagandeep, Sivanandhan Dhanalakshmi, Ester Méndiz, Agra Ramesha Rao, Raosaheb Kathalupant Kale. Chemopreventive effects of Cuminum cyminum in chemically induced forestomach and uterine cervix tumors in murine model systems. Nutr Cancer. 2003;47(2):171-80. PMID: 15087270
[v] N Nalini, V Manju, V P Menon. Effect of spices on lipid metabolism in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced rat colon carcinogenesis. J Med Food. 2006;9(2):237-45. PMID: 16822210
Margie King, Health Coach
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