10 Common Phobias

Terrified of the creepy-crawlies? Scared of slithering serpents? Well, you’re not alone. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, phobias affect approximately 10% of adults. There are a number of explanations for why phobias develop, including evolutionary and behavioral theories. Whatever the cause, phobias are a treatable condition that can be overcome with cognitive and behavioral therapy techniques.

What do people fear most? The following phobias are ten of the most common fear-objects that lead to symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, and breathlessness. In some cases, these symptoms escalate into a full-blown panic attack. These common phobias typically involve the environment, animals, or specific situations.

1. Arachnophobia:

  • The fear of spiders.
  • This phobia tends to affect women      more than men.

2. Ophidiophobia:

  • The fear of snakes.
  • Often attributed to evolutionary      causes, personal experiences, or cultural influences.

3. Acrophobia:

  • The fear of heights.
  • This fear can lead to anxiety attacks      and avoidance of high places.

4. Agoraphobia:

  • The fear of situations in which      escape is difficult.
  • This may include crowded areas, open      spaces, or situations that are likely to trigger a panic attack. People will      begin avoiding these trigger events, sometimes to the point that they      cease leaving their home.
  • Approximately one third of people      with panic      disorder develop agoraphobia.

5. Cynophobia:

  • The fear of dogs.
  • This phobia is often associated with      specific personal experiences, such as being bitten by a dog during      childhood.

6. Astraphobia:

  • The fear of thunder and lightening.
  • Also known as Brontophobia,      Tonitrophobia, or Ceraunophobia.

7. Trypanophobia:

  • The fear of injections.
  • Like many phobias, this fear often      goes untreated because people avoid the triggering object and situation.

8. Social Phobias:

  • The fear of social situations.
  • In many cases, these phobias can      become so severe that people avoid events, places, and people that are      likely to trigger an anxiety attack.

9. Pteromerhanophobia:

  • The fear of flying.
  • Often treated using exposure therapy,      in which the client is gradually and progressively introduced to flying.

10. Mysophobia:

Source for Story:

http://psychology.about.com/od/phobias/p/commonphobias.htm