Causes of Vertigo
Vertigo is usually a result of disorder in the vestibular system. The vestibular system comprises of the inner ear, the vestibular nerve, the brainstem, and cerebellum. It coordinates sensory stimuli and movement while providing the brain with a visual focus of the surroundings as the body is in movement. When this information is garbled or disrupted, it results in vertigo. Conditions that lead to the onset of vertigo include:
• Benign Positional Vertigo (BPV) is an inner ear condition and one of the most common causes of vertigo. It leads to short spells of dizziness which are a result of sudden and jerky head movements.
• Meniere’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear that has a negative impact on balance. It could be a result of a spreading middle ear infection, head trauma or syphilis. Episodes may include ringing ears and poor balance and coordination.
• Labyrinthitis occurs when there is swelling in the inner ear. It leads to severe episodes of vertigo, which are usually accompanied by ringing ears, nausea, poor hearing, and other symptoms. In some such cases the episodes can last for up to a week.
• Vertigo could be a symptom of multiple sclerosis or a result of head/neck trauma.
There are a number of simple vertigo home remedies out there. They are known to limit discomfort and as a result ease symptoms.
• Soak a spoon of gooseberry powder and a spoon of coriander seeds in a cup of water and leave overnight. The next morning strain the solution, add some sugar and drink.
• In a glass of water add some black pepper, lemon juice and salt. Drinking this solution eases dizziness.
Individuals experiencing vertigo can make slight changes in their diet plan to help ease the symptoms. This includes limiting intake of foods groups like caffeine, alcohol, and processed foods. Also drink lots of water as dehydration can set off a spell of dizziness.
Balance exercises help deal with vertigo. When you feel dizzy, a simple exercise that will help the spell pass is to sit still and focus in an invisible point across the room. Limit sudden movements like jerking out of bed, instead get off it slowly and steadily, allowing your brain to process the movement. Breathing exercises and alternative therapies like yoga also help deal with vertigo.