A newly available DNA-based prenatal blood test that can identify a pregnancy with Down syndrome can also identify two additional chromosome abnormalities: trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome) and trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome).The test for all three defects can be offered as early as 10 weeks of pregnancy to women who have been identified as being at high risk for these abnormalities. Continue reading →
The remoteness and resource limitations of spaceflight pose a serious challenge to astronaut health care. One solution is ultrasound.
Scientists with the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) have developed tools that expand the use of ultrasound during spaceflight and on Earth, especially in rural and underserved locations. These tools include techniques that streamline training and help remote experts guide non-physician astronauts to perform ultrasound exams. Ultrasound can be used to assess numerous conditions – fractured bones, collapsed lungs, kidney stones, organ damage and other ailments – in space and on Earth. With an NSBRI grant, they also created a catalog, or atlas, of “space-normal” imagery of the human body, setting the stage for astronauts to provide care without consulting a physician on Earth. This atlas was handed over to NASA earlier this year.
Dr. Scott A. Dulchavsky, the Roy D. McClure Chairman of Surgery and Surgeon-in-Chief at the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, is the principal investigator of these projects and is a member of the NSBRI Smart Medical Systems and Technology Team. “The ultrasound imagery techniques came from space program constraints of not having a trained radiologist on orbit or having a CAT scan or an MRI available, forcing us to use ultrasound for things in which we would not normally use it,” Continue reading →
In the developing world, the availability of many medical technologies is limited by cost, durability, and ease-of-use. This is especially true of expensive diagnostic devices, which are critical for detecting diseases that are endemic in developing countries. However, researchers are working to develop low-cost, user-friendly alternatives that could improve the ability of healthcare providers to diagnose a range of conditions.
Harvard researchers have developed an alternative microfluidic device that replaces standard silicon, glass, or plastic substrates with treated paper. Fluids flow through the microchannels in the paper device in the same way that they would in a standard chip. Researchers have used the device to test for glucose and protein in urine, but hope to adapt it for the possibility of testing blood samples for HIV/AIDS, dengue fever, or hepatitis. While a traditional microfluidic device costs between $10 and $1,000USD, the materials to create the paper devices, known as microPADS, cost only three cents. The design of the microPAD device allows for several tests to be conducted simultaneously, furthering the cost and resource savings.
To help better diagnose infectious diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis, researchers have developed a microscope that attaches to any cellular telephone with a camera feature. The device, known as a Cell Scope, is able to illuminate pathogens in a sample treated with fluorescent molecular “tags.” It is estimated that the production of first Cell Scopes will cost roughly $1,000 each, but with further developments the price could drop to just a few hundred dollars, including the cell phone. Not only can an individual use the microscope to view the pathogens, but they can also send an image to a healthcare facility for assistance making an appropriate diagnostic determination.
Efforts have also been made by scientists at the Burnet Institute to improve HIV-testing procedures. A prototype monitoring test has been designed for use in remote settings. The new test, which uses a finger-prick blood sample, allows individuals to determine their CD4+ T-cell count within 30 minutes. The CD4+ T-cells are critical for healthy immune system function and their levels are a deciding factor with regard to starting anti-retroviral therapy. Standard CD4 tests are often not available in the developing world due to their cost, the need for specialized equipment and trained personnel, and the long wait period to obtain test results.
Though these diagnostic technologies offer improvements in the developing world, as The Wall Street Journal reports, acceptance may be slower in the United States. Some researchers have found success when applying African healthcare models to rural areas of the U.S., and results using low-cost technologies originally conceived for use in the developing world may follow this trend. The use of innovative low-cost testing methods may also assist with telemedicine initiatives, as they allow healthcare providers to conduct necessary tests and provide better diagnostic information to consultants. Through discussion among global health experts – as allowed by telemedicine initiatives like icons in Medicine – innovative diagnostic tools and other cost-saving measures may become more popular, and help to provide improved care worldwide.
LONDON – Popular painkillers, which are routinely used to ease headaches, back problems and period pain, can cause addiction in just three days, the UK Government’s drug watchdog has warned.
The drugs, which contain codeine and include brand names such as Nurofen Plus and Solpadeine Plus, are taken by millions of people. However, official figures have shown that tens of thousands of people have become dependent on the drugs, many accidentally, with women most at risk of developing an addiction.
Growing concern about the spread of what experts describe as a ‘hidden addiction’, has led the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) to announce a series of measures to counter the problem, reports The Telegraph.
Packets size will be limited to just 32 tablets with larger packs available only by prescription in a bid to curb misuse.
Clear and ‘prominently positioned’ warnings will be put on the front of packs and accompanying patient information leaflets, stating: ‘Can cause addiction. For three days use only.’
Advertising will no longer state that the drugs are remedies for things like coughs and colds and only that they are acute and moderate pain.
WAKE FOREST – A popular antacid to prevent stress ulcers in critically ill patients requiring breathing machine support heightens their risk of getting pneumonia threefold, says a new study.
“Patients who develop hospital-acquired pneumonia or ventilator-acquired pneumonia have about a 20 to 30 percent chance of dying from that pneumonia,” said senior study author DavidL.Bowton, professor-anesthesiologist at Wake Forest University School of Medicine (WFUSM).
The study compared treatment with two powerful drugs that decrease stomach acid, namely ranitidine and pantoprazole, marketed as Protonix or Prilosec.
Both drugs decrease stomach acid, but the newer pantoprazole is considered more powerful and has become the drug of choice in many hospitals.
However, in the analysis of 834 patients, researchers found that hospitalized cardio-thoracic surgery patients treated with pantoprazole were three times more likely to develop pneumonia.
“We conducted this study, in part, because we thought we were seeing more pneumonias than we were used to having,” said study co-author MarcG.Reichert, coordinator for surgery at WFUSM Centre.
Both acid-reducing drugs can make the stomach a more hospitable place for bacteria to colonize. Patients on breathing machines sometimes develop pneumonia when stomach secretions reflux into the lungs.
Current treatment guidelines to prevent pneumonia recommend raising the head of the bed for patients on breathing machines, which reduces the risk of stomach secretions getting into the lungs.
Doctors should consider whether an acid reducer is needed at all, Bowton said. The occurrence of stress ulcer bleeding has gone down in recent years, perhaps because patients with breathing tubes are fed earlier, and food in the stomach may neutralise or reduce the effects of stomach acid.
Bowton added that in cases where an acid reducer is needed, ranitidine is recommended, given the apparent decreased risk in developing pneumonia, said a WFUSM release.
Doctors should stop using the drug as soon as the risk of bleeding passes — once the patient is off the breathing machine and eating, either on his/her own or through a feeding tube.
These findings were published in a recent issue of CHEST.
Hemorrhoids develop when the normal veins around the anal opening become abnormally enlarged or dilated. This happens because of habits or medical conditions that cause increased pressure on veins in the pelvis. The most frequent cause is a refined diet with not enough grains and bulky foods. This causes constipation, leading to increased pressure.
Hemorrhoids are classified as internal or external depending on where they are in relation to a line (the dentate line) that separates the two types of anal skin.
External Hemorrhoids develop below the line and are generally painless. They rarely need medical treatment, unless a vein bursts, blood pools under the skin and a painful lump forms (this is called a clotted or thrombosed hemorrhoid).
Internal Hemorrhoids develop above the dentate line. They can range in size from a slight swelling under the wall of the canal to large, sagging veins that stick out of the anus all the time. For treatment purposes, internal Hemorrhoids are graded according to their size:
* Grade I: The vein bulges during bowel movements.
* Grade II: The vein comes out of the anus during bowel movements, but goes back by itself.
* Grade III: The vein comes out during bowel movements, but doesn’t go back by itself. It has to be replaced by hand.
* Grade IV: The vein sticks out all the time and cannot be replaced.
It is possible for a person to have both internal and external Hemorrhoids at the same time.
* Poor bowel habits – straining from long-term constipation or diarrhoea
* Overweight, which often leads to straining to pass stools
* Standing or sitting for long periods of time
* Breathing improperly while lifting heavy weights (inhaling rather than exhaling while pushing against the weight)
* Pregnancy, which results in increased blood flow to the pelvic area
* Medical conditions, such as long-term (chronic) heart and liver disease, which causes blood to pool in the abdomen and pelvic area
* Coughing, sneezing or vomiting
* Genetic (inherited) factors
Internal and external Hemorrhoids manifest differently.
* Slight swelling of the veins near the anus generally goes unnoticed. It may only be felt as extra skin around the anus.
* These skin tags can become inflamed, causing a feeling of pressure in the anus. They can also make it hard to keep the anal area clean, which can lead to skin irritation, itching and burning. If a vein becomes quite large, it may cause discomfort, especially during bowel movements. The discomfort may discourage you from cleaning the anal area as well as you should, which can also lead to skin irritation.
* A clotted haemorrhoid can be very painful. The pain may be so bad that you cannot sit or walk. The skin covering the lump may be blue (because of the collection of blood under the skin) and shiny due to stretching of the skin.
* If the lump is not removed within 24 to 48 hours, the pain will gradually lessen over the following four to five days. The skin covering the lump may break open on its own, causing mild bleeding. With good self-care, pain and bleeding will stop within two weeks.
* The most common symptom of internal Hemorrhoids is painless rectal bleeding. You may notice bright red streaks of blood on toilet paper after having a bowel movement or blood on the surface of stools. If you strain to pass stools, blood may spurt (spraying the sides of the toilet bowl) or trickle (coloring the water in the toilet bowl) from your anus.
* You may have an uncomfortable feeling of fullness after passing stools because of the bulging of the hemorrhoid in the anal canal.
* Hemorrhoids that are large enough to stick out of the anus (grade III and IV) may secrete mucus, causing mild skin irritation and itching. Good hygiene can keep this from becoming a problem.
* You may see or feel protruding Hemorrhoids as moist pads of skin sticking out. It may recede into the rectum on its own or can be pushed back into place.
* Very large Hemorrhoids may become painful if they swell and are squeezed by the muscles (anal sphincters) that control the opening and closing of the anus.
* At their worst, large internal Hemorrhoids stick out of the anus all the time.
* In rare cases, the opening and closing of the anus may cut off the blood supply to the swollen veins. This causes tissues inside the rectum to die, and emergency surgery is required to prevent serious damage.
Hemorrhoids are very common. Most people will experience symptoms or problems at some point in life, most often between the ages of 20 and 50. Men and women are affected.
When to see a Doctor
A visit to a doctor is indicated when:
* Rectal bleeding occurs for no apparent reason and is not associated with trying to pass stools
* Rectal bleeding continues for more than one week
* Stool becomes more narrow than usual
* A lump near the anus gets bigger or becomes more painful
* Pain and/or swelling due to Hemorrhoids is severe
* Moderate pain lasts longer than one week after home treatment
* Any unusual material seeps from the anus
* Tissue from inside the body sticks out of the anus and does not return to normal after three to seven days of home treatment
* Rectal bleeding becomes heavy and/or changes in color from bright red to dark red or if stools change in color
A number of ailments that affect the anal canal, rectum, and colon (large intestine) can cause bleeding, discharge, itching, and discomfort. Most people who have these symptoms assume they have Hemorrhoids, but this is often not the case.
The purpose of a visit to the doctor is to evaluate symptoms and confirm the diagnosis. Even more importantly, he or she should rule out life-threatening conditions. If the diagnosis is confirmed, a treatment plan can be initiated.
Diagnosis is based on:
* Medical and social history, including personal habits
* Visual examination
* Digital rectal examination, i.e. feeling inside with a lubricated gloved finger
* Anoscopy, the use of a small, hollow lighted tube to help see into the anal canal and lower part of the rectum
* Proctoscopy – as above, but this makes a more thorough rectal examination possible
* A fecal occult blood test – this may be done if internal Hemorrhoids cannot be detected with a digital rectal examination or anoscopy.
* Flexible sigmoidoscopy – because people older than 50 are at higher risk for cancer of the colon and/or rectum (colorectal cancer), this procedure may be undertaken to view the lower colon and so rule out other causes of rectal bleeding, even if Hemorrhoids are evident.
* Further examination of the entire colon with colonoscopy, when indicated
* A barium X-ray can also be done which will show the colon’s interior.
Home and medication
The best treatment is prevention and such strategies are also effective when Hemorrhoids have already developed.
In addition, most small internal Hemorrhoids can be treated at home with the following techniques:
* Try not to sit for long periods. Take frequent breaks.
* A doughnut-shaped cushion can make sitting more comfortable and ease hemorrhoid pressure and pain.
* Insert petroleum jelly just inside the anus to make bowel movements less painful.
* Ointments that contain hydrocortisone may help decrease inflammation and speed healing.
* Resist the temptation to scratch Hemorrhoids, as this irritates the inflamed veins more, damages the surrounding skin and intensifies the itchiness. Non-prescription hemorrhoid creams may help for the itching and pain.
* When wiping, be gentle. If toilet paper is irritating, try dampening it first, or use cotton balls or alcohol-free baby wipes. You may prefer washing yourself and then dabbing the area dry.
* Bathe regularly to keep the anal area clean, but be gentle. Excessive scrubbing, especially with soap, can intensify burning and irritation.
* External Hemorrhoids usually do not need treatment, unless an enlarged vein near the anus bursts, forming a hard and extremely painful lump under the skin (thrombosed hemorrhoid).
* If the pain is not too severe, stool softeners, topical pain-relieving creams and Sitz baths (sitting in a bathtub of warm water for 15 minutes several times a day, especially after a bowel movement) may be sufficient. If pain is severe, surgical treatment may be required. If the lump is not removed within 24 to 48 hours, the pain will gradually lessen over the next four to five days. The skin covering the lump may break open on its own, causing mild bleeding. With good self-care, pain and bleeding stop within two weeks (although the lump may remain for several weeks).
* Anaesthetising creams and suppositories to reduce inflammation may relieve irritation and pain due to internal Hemorrhoids.
* Internal Hemorrhoids that continue to bleed after a trial of home treatment or become so large that they stick out of the anus may require professional treatment.
Surgery and fixative procedures
This section discusses surgery and fixative procedures for internal and external Hemorrhoids.
* If an external hemorrhoid causes a lump with severe pain, it is more effective to surgically drain it, as this provides immediate relief from pain. It is best if it is removed during the first 24 to 48 hours after formation of the lump. This procedure is easily performed in the doctor’s office using a local anesthetic to numb the skin.
* Surgical removal (hemorrhoidectomy) is only considered for external Hemorrhoids when the veins are so large that they cause significant discomfort and make it difficult to keep the anal area clean.
* If skin tags cause repeated problems, they can be removed surgically.
* Larger internal Hemorrhoids may require medical treatment. Non-surgical treatments are used to cure most smaller (grade I and II) and some larger (grade III) internal Hemorrhoids.
* The goal of most non-surgical procedures is to cut off the flow of blood to the enlarged vein, causing the vein to fall off and a scar to form in its place on the wall of the anal canal. These are called fixative procedures because the scar keeps nearby veins from drooping into the anal canal. Fixative procedures include the following:
o Rubber band ligation: a tiny rubber band is tied around a prolapsed hemorrhoid, shutting off its blood supply. Within a week, the hemorrhoid will fall off. This method is painless and successful 75% of the time.
o Coagulation or cauterization: using an electric probe, laser beam or infrared light, a tiny burn painlessly seals the end of the hemorrhoid, causing it to close off and shrink.
o Injection sclerotherapy: Hemorrhoids are injected with chemicals that create a scar and closes off the hemorrhoid. With a success rate of 90%, this is often the first choice. Results are not permanent, however; repeat injections may be needed every two or three years.
* Most internal Hemorrhoids respond to non-surgical treatment. When compared to surgery, these procedures involve less risk and are less painful. These treatments often depend on the doctor’s experience and the equipment available.
* Surgical removal of Hemorrhoids (hemorrhoidectomy) is most successful for treating larger (grade III and IV) internal Hemorrhoids.
* Smaller internal Hemorrhoids are only treated surgically when they cause severe problems (usually when a person has several Hemorrhoids, when bleeding cannot be controlled with other treatments, or when a person has both internal and external Hemorrhoids).
* Surgery may be done under general, spinal or local anesthetic. It can be done with a scalpel, cautery device or laser. The choice as to which is the most appropriate varies from patient to patient and is best left to the judgment of the surgeon.
* Complete healing from this operation can take two to four weeks. However, after one week most patients are able to return to their usual activities with minimal or no discomfort.
* The success rate of hemorrhoid removal approaches 95%, but unless dietary and lifestyle changes are made, Hemorrhoids are likely to recur.
The best treatment is prevention. Initial treatment for Hemorrhoids begins at home. Since Hemorrhoids are made worse by straining to pass stools, changing some of your daily habits so you can have regular, smooth bowel movements may help relieve symptoms and keep Hemorrhoids from getting bigger. Half of all haemorrhoid sufferers find relief with dietary changes alone.
* Avoid constipation by eating high-fiber foods (fruits, vegetables, whole grain breads, beans, and legumes) and avoiding refined and “junk” food.
* If this cannot be accomplished with diet alone, adding bulk laxatives may be necessary.
* Drink plenty of liquids such as water, fruit juice and other beverages that don’t contain caffeine – at least eight glasses of water a day.
* Limit alcohol consumption to one drink per day. Alcohol causes dehydration, which can lead to constipation.
* Monitor your sodium (salt) intake. Excess salt in the diet causes fluid retention, which will cause swelling in all veins, including Hemorrhoids.
* Regular exercise is important, especially if you have a sedentary job. Exercise helps by keeping weight down, decreasing constipation and enhancing muscle tone. Exercise often to promote regular, smooth bowel movements.
* Practice good bowel habits. Go to the bathroom as soon as you have the urge to move your bowels. Try to set up routine times when you can go to the bathroom without feeling as if you have to rush or strain. Once on the toilet, don’t sit there any longer than necessary, because this can put additional pressure on the haemorrhoidal veins. Don’t strain to pass stools. Be relaxed and give yourself time to let things happen naturally. Never hold your breath while passing stools.
* Modify your daily habits. Avoid prolonged sitting and/or standing at work or during leisure time. Take frequent short walks. If possible, avoid frequent lifting of heavy objects. If you must do heavy lifting, always exhale as you are lifting the weight; don’t hold your breath when you lift.
If you think this only affects awkward teenagers you’re wrong. There are men of all ages who will stand in a public toilet with a full bladder, only to find they’re unable to urinate. They might not even be feeling self-conscious at the time.
There’s a theroy that the problem has its roots in our primitive history and that we’re still inclined to think “I can pee in Ugg’s presence, therefore I can challenge him to a fight, intimidate him with terrifying roars, bared yellow teeth and thumping of my hairy chest.” Perhaps so, but that doesn’t help get the pee from the bladder to the bowl.
You have a few options. Clenching and unclenching your pelvic floor muscles may help trigger the flow or urine. If not, you can try teaching yourself to pee around other people by degrees. Start by standing in a cubicle with the door closed, progress to keeping the door open, then to standing at the urinal furthest from anyone else, and eventually to peeing happily while singing “Old Man River”.
One doctor advised doing mental calculations, which apparently stimulates the cortex of the brain, interrupting the stream of messages it’s sending your nether regions. If all else fails, a behavioral therapist ought to be able to help.
Stress is the plague of the new millennium. We blame everything on it from our health to our relationships to our poor performance at work. However stress is not always a bad thing, positive stress motivates us and spurs us into action. It also keeps us going when we don’t think we can make it through another day. The problems come in when we experience stress overload and the emotional and physical distress that accompanies it.
So what’s the solution? It’s time to get back into the driving seat and rebalance your life. You don’t necessarily need to spend all your hard-earned cash on stress relief and visits to your shrink, mother nature has a lot to offer the stressed and weary. Try some of these excellent natural remedies to boost your mood, de-stress and get your life back on the rails.
Try the top five de-stressing essential oils. All of the following essential oils will work to balance and soothe your body and mind. Mix a few undiluted drops with a carrier oil, such as almond, for a massage or add it to your bath water.
1. Lavender – balancing, soothing and normalizing
2. Geranium – relaxing and uplifting
3. Neroli – soothing and regenerating
4. Chamomile – acts as a sedative and boosts the immune system
5. Ylang-ylang – calming, also an aphrodisiac
Adding these essential oils to the bath will take a load off your mind. But make sure that you follow the following guidelines so that you get the full benefit of the essential oils:
* Follow the instructions on the bottle carefully and only add the recommended number of drops.
* The bath must be hot, but not scalding or else the oils will evaporate before you’ve even hopped in.
* Stay in the bath for about 20 minutes. If you stay in for less, the essential oils might not have time to take effect; if you stay in for longer, you’ll just feel lethargic.
* While you’re in the bath, focus on ensuring that your breath is deep and regular. Inhale from the diaphragm, hold for a few seconds and exhale slowly.
2. Exercise that stress away
Most exercise has calming benefits, but you don’t have to hit the treadmill for hours, or take a high-impact aerobics class to pound and punch out your stress. Why not try one or more of these three gentle natural therapies that offer a complete mind-body workout and long-lasting stress-reducing results?
The aim of this 8000-year-old exercise system is to harmonise the body and mind through meditation and slow, graceful movements. Tai Chi is based on the Taoist philosophy of yin (cool, dark, negative energy) and yang (hot, light, positive energy) two polar types of energy that are believed to exist in everything in the universe. The goal of Tai Chi is to balance these energies. In so doing, the natural balance of the body and mind is restored and stress is reduced.
By focusing on the controlled movements, your mind is distracted from whatever tension or stress you may be experiencing. Tai chi is great for stress-related disorders like headaches and stomach ulcers and is even used by cancer patients in China.
This therapy was developed 100 years ago by an Australian actor FrederickAlexander. It will teach you how to deal physically with everyday situations, including how you sit, how you walk and how you lift things. The aim of this therapy is to reteach your body the natural, relaxed poise that you had as a child.
By improving one’s posture, the AlexanderTechnique will eliminate the physical symptoms of stress, such as backache and muscle tension in the neck. A person is taught how to loosen one’s neck and free one’s head. This will promote a sense of calm, improve your posture and encourage better breathing.
Pilates is quickly reaching the same popularity level as yoga. It was designed in the 1920’s by JosephPilates as a way for injured and recuperating dancers to stay fit. Pilates combines systems of springs and pulleys to lengthen and tone muscles with floor-based stretching exercises.
Both Tai Chi and Pilates concentrate on breathing. Pilates, like the AlexanderTechnique, will also radically improve your posture and realign your body. You will feel healthier and more relaxed. While performing all the stretching exercises, energy is released and this energy helps to dissipate stress and muscle tension.
Build your therapy into your normal exercise regime, by alternating with resistance work and two or three aerobic sessions per week.
The intrinsic benefits of touch through the medium of massage, has long been recognized. It is the oldest and simplest of all complementary therapies and in traditional cultures it is accepted as a natural part of self-care. A good massage can dissipate nervous energy and release feel-good endorphins into the body. These endorphins are like natural painkillers and help ease aching, tired muscles.
If you have a willing partner, spend one evening a week massaging each other with special massage oils. If you’re not sure, what you are doing, read one of the many books on massage or enrol in a course. Or you could try the following self-massage techniques:
Neck and shoulders
First, lie on your side on the bed or on the floor, and using slow, circular movements, massage the side and back of your neck. Then move onto your shoulders and as much of your upper back that you can reach. Now, turn over and repeat the massage on the other side.
Sit up straight. Staring at the bottom of your back, position the fingers of both hands on either side of the spine. Gently “walk” your fingers up your back as far as you can go, and back down again.
Lie on your back on the bed and start stroking your forehead with both hands, moving from the middle and out towards the ears. Repeat this movement as you slowly move down your face towards your chin, then gently massage around your eye sockets. Finish off with a mini-Indian head massage by briskly rubbing your scalp for five minutes.
What to take
Consult your doctor or a professional herbal practitioner before using any of the herbs mentioned in the following section, especially if you are pregnant, suffer from a chronic disease or are on other medication.
1. De-stress the herbal way
Is stress getting you down? Do you feel like you are not coping? Take action. Try the top five de-stressing herbal supplements.
1. Kava kava – relaxes you, just like a couple of glasses of wine, but without the side effects. It will also give you a positive sense of wellbeing.
2. Ginseng – if you take this herb over a period of time, your body’s ability to cope with stress will increase.
3. Passionflower – if your stress is causing insomnia, anxiety or nervousness, this is the herb for you. Many over-the-counter sedatives contain Passionflower.
4. Skullcap – for mental and physical exhaustion. It relaxes the muscles and nerves.
5. Vervain – a very useful herb if you are suffering form a stress-induced virus (like the flu). Also a natural anti-depressant.
If you are under constant stress, take the above herbs in tablet or tincture form for at least four weeks.
Indications of heat stroke can at times impersonate those of heart attack or other conditions. Different people possibly will have different symptoms and indicators of heat stroke. However familiar symptoms and signs of heat stroke include the following:
1. Elevated body temperature
2. The lack of sweating, with burning red or flushed dehydrated skin
3. Trouble in breathing
4. Bizarre activities
5. Hallucinations and illusions
6. Nervousness and Anxiety
8. Loss of consciousness
Heat stroke can happen unexpectedly, without any symptoms of heat exhaustion. If someone is experiencing symptoms of heat stroke, it is important to seek medical attention at once.
Causes of Heat Stroke
High temperature is the main cause of heat stroke
Heat related conditions like heat stroke may arise when your body cannot remain cool. As the atmospheric temperature increases, your body stays cool as you sweat. On hot, sticky days, the loss of sweat is measured by the increased humidity in the air. Dehydration too is a major worry, as too much fluid loss can lead to heart and brain damage.
Chronic medical conditions like diabetes, nausea; vomiting or diarrhea can put children and adults at threat for a heat stroke in dreadfully hot climates. The other common causes of heat strokes could be as follows:
1. High temperatures or humidity
2. Extended and excessive exercise
3. Excess clothing
4. Too much use of alcohol
5. Cardiovascular ailments
6. Sweat gland dysfunction
7. Medications that weaken the body’s ability to sweat may have an effect on people to this problem
Remedies for Heat Stroke
Heat Stroke home remedies and natural cures, Questions and answers
Victims of heat stroke should be moved to a cool area and clothing should be removed.
Heat stroke is a medical crisis involving hospitalization, and the local emergency system must be turned on as soon as possible.
1. The body temperature ought to be lowered instantly.
2. The sufferer should be moved to a cool area and clothing should be removed to encourage inactive cooling. Energetic cooling methods can be used.
3. The victim should be positioned into the revival pose to make sure that their airway remains open.
4. Cool the person by sponging with damp towel.
5. Water containing electrolyte, juices and glucose should be given to the victim.
Diet for Heat Stroke
Heat Stroke : Home Remedies suggested by users
Stay hydrated and minimize sun exposure.
Drink plenty of water, stay away from the sun, and avoid taxing activity during hot weather conditions. If you start experiencing the warning signs, shift to a cool, sheltered area and gulp something cool.
Suggestions for Heat Stroke
Try chamomile flowers to get relief from heatstroke
If you start experiencing the warning signs, move to a sheltered area and drink something cool. A few people also use chamomile flowers to alleviate the symptoms of heatstroke, though the effectiveness of this therapy is not assured.
After a complete recovery from heatstroke, a slight follow-up care is considered necessary. Improving patients may possibly desire to relax and reside in cool areas for some days. Patients should also implement aggressive prevention policies to keep heat stroke from returning.
MSM (methyl sulfonyl methane) is a compound found naturally in foods such as cow’s milk, meat, seafood, fruits and vegetables.
MSM is thought to work by contributing sulfur. It’s found in capsule or tablet forms. MSM is also available as a cream or lotion, although evidence suggests it can’t be absorbed through skin.
Why Do People Use MSM
Two small studies suggest MSM may reduce osteoarthritis pain. MSM is often combined with glucosamine in commercial arthritis products. It’s thought to work because of the sulfur, which is believed to strengthen collagen. More evidence is needed.
MSM has been proposed as a treatment for interstitial cystitis, although human studies are needed.
One small, preliminary study found that MSM resulted in quieter snoring.
MSM has been explored for cancer prevention, scleroderma, allergies and constipation.
Side Effects and Safety
Side effects with MSM are rare but may include stomach upset, headache and diarrhea. One study suggested MSM was safe for up to 12 weeks.
The safety of MSM in pregnant or nursining women, children, or people with liver or kidney disease, however, isn’t known.
If you have excess cellulite then you no doubt have tried to find the best exercise to reduce cellulite. If you have been unsuccessful than this article is here to help. In order to find the best exercise to reduce cellulite you first need to understand a little bit of what cellulite is and how it forms.
How does Cellulite Form and What is It Exactly?
Cellulite is a condition where the skin, usually in the lower body, becomes dimpled and lumpy. This condition is most common in post pubescent females, although it can occur in just about anyone. Primarily the reason thought for this is that there is some kind of a hormonal component that causes its formation. Estrogen seems to be the primary culprit from a hormonal level, but exercise to reduce cellulite is effective.
The first step before you begin exercise to reduce cellulite is to control your diet. Start by trying to eliminate excess fats and replace those with more fruits and vegetables. Drinking more water may or may not help you depending on your situation. For some people drinking large amounts of water has helped to get rid of the fat that has built up around their legs. Taking these initial steps will help so that when you exercise to reduce cellulite it will be much more effective.
Different Cellulite Reduction Exercises You can Do
The key to reducing the amount of cellulite that is built up in your lower body is to find good cardio exercises that you can do for long periods of time. In addition it is important that these exercises work your legs. Treadmills, Elipiticals, and just jogging are all great ways to lose excess pounds and melt away the cellulite.
By finding an activity you enjoy you will be able to do the cardio for longer, thereby increasing the effectiveness of your exercise to reduce cellulite. Stretching before starting is also important as you want to avoid hurting yourself while exercising.
The other key is to make sure before you start exercising that you are hydrated and have eaten or drank some kind of carbohydrates. By having something in your system you will be able to exercise longer with more energy and actually burn more calories than if you had nothing at all. Take and follow these steps in order to find exercise to reduce cellulite that will not only keep you healthy, but make you healthy looking as well.
Weight loss is often a must for individuals who are obese. You can find numerous remedies for shedding the particular fat. This surgical procedure is one of the finest selections for those those people who are too heavy. The folks in whose physique mass catalog tend to be as compared to thirty five and have well being complications due to their extra pounds are usually advised with regard to this surgical procedure.
This surgery is the only choices at times, while we have a medical crisis in which one needs to relieve weight at the same time. Obviously you can find handful of problems and risks that are involved in this surgical procedure; even so this surgical procedure is extremely efficient as well as basic.
A single needs to be little mindful after the weight loss surgical procedure to be able to prevent achievable complication. However by far the particular weight loss surgery could be the quickest way of reducing your weight. The person must keep to the advices with the surgeon towards the primary or else he is able to grow to be obese or too heavy after some time.
As far as this surgical procedure is concerned the main thing is that one should have the total in creation concerning the almost all feasible surgical alternatives. one do not need to to go everywhere because he can get almost all relevant details in the physician himself concerning the various medical options, the treatments of the chosen weight loss surgical treatment, the merits and demerits of the weight loss surgery as well as the post operative care required.
A single you could have decided to go for weight loss surgery, please obtain cleared all of the doubts simply by asking yourself the surgeon. Never think twice to ask the query even though it appears thus ridiculous to you.
There’s nothing incorrect within getting opinion from your other medical doctor who’s very experienced like the physician who will work an individual. Attempt to discover the bands and also address with the patients that got gone through this surgical procedure, to be able to reveal their own experience, whether it is bad or even excellent.
As well as getting in development in the doctor as well as a man, one will also have information concerning this surgical treatment from internet. Another excellent source to obtain information about this surgical treatment is actually ASBS (American modern society with regard to bariatric surgical treatment).Obviously the actual weight loss surgical procedure brings about instant weight loss you will find various issues and dangers required.
The important thing in this surgery is ahead of taking or opting for surgery the individual must be perfectly knowledgeable in regards to the this surgical treatment as he needs to signal “informed consent”.
“Informed consent” is definitely an important insurance plan to be brought in from the patient ahead of this surgery. According to this permission the particular parents concurs for the surgical procedure right after knowing the actual achievable dangers as well as problems.
If your individual has complete information regarding the particular weight loss surgical procedure, he can not have unwanted concerns whenever he encounters the actual signs and symptoms from the feasible publish operative problems in which happen because of weight loss surgery and may speak to the actual medical doctor the moment he or she updates the warning signs. Therefore there’s nothing wrong within deciding on weight loss surgical treatment if the physician guidelines one to choose one.
What I have discovered in practice is that there are usually only one or two main groups of muscles, setting up the imbalances that cause the joint to move or the pressure to build up in a muscle making the joint stiff or tight and painful to use.
If the muscles that set up the imbalances (usually the deeper structural muscles) are worked on correctly, the pressure that causes the twist, tilt or tightness is released, along with the pain.
When a back develops problems it is not normally something that has just happened but rather the result of a buildup of imbalances over time. It tends to involve the whole body in some way and therefore requires a holistic approach to get a lasting cure.
To demonstrate, reach to the right to pick something up and you’ll notice it is not just your shoulder and arm that moves, you will feel every muscle in your body adjust in some way to support that movement.
Any therapist who doesn’t get their hands onto the muscles and body regularly, which lets face it is most of them including a doctor, physiotherapist, chiropractor, acupuncturist, Pilates or yoga instructor, personal trainer etc, is severely handicapped right from the start when it comes to successfully treating back pain.
There is no way, without the vital information you get from the feel of the body, they could devise the best way of approaching a particular person’s back problem, or diagnose it correctly for that matter. In one hour you can significantly change how a person feels within themselves, simply by making a significant change to the muscle imbalances in their body and how those muscles feel to the touch.
The body will respond to the right touch as if it knows what is good for it, just as it will freeze up and resist the wrong treatment as a way of protecting itself. Have you ever gone for an adjustment from a chiropractor and had trouble relaxing?
When seeking out treatment for your back pain you need to tune into your body and instinctively you will know what is helping you and what isn’t.
A large number of people can’t afford to spend several hundred dollars on the medical merry go round hoping they would find someone who could help them.
I felt that if people were well educated on diagnosing their own problem and had effective techniques they could use daily at home to make progress on their own, they would get much better value from the therapy appointments they had and more importantly, they’d be able to recognize very quickly when a therapist they saw was going to be a waste of their money and time.