WASHINGTON – Loss of libido and impaired sex is common among those undergoing antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis C, according to a new study.
This is the first time a study evaluating the combination therapy, peginterferon and ribavirin, has identified sexual dysfunction (inability to fully enjoy sexual intercourse) as a side effect.
The therapy has the potential to affect all three components of sexual health: desire, function and satisfaction.
Before therapy, 37 percent of men reported at least some degree of diminished desire, while 44 percent reported dissatisfaction with their sexual life. Besides, 22 percent reported poor erection and 26 percent reported poor ejaculation.
The average onset of sexual dysfunction appeared to be within four weeks of starting antiviral therapy, and many patients reported a gradual worsening over time.
At the end of therapy (24 or 48 weeks), an estimated 38 percent to 48 percent of men reported that overall sexual function was worse than before treatment.
As part of the Study of Viral Resistance to Antiviral Therapy of Chronic Hepatitis C (VIRAHEP-C), 260 men treated with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin completed self-administered questionnaires concerning sexual desire, sexual function – including erectile and ejaculatory function – and sexual satisfaction before, during and after treatment.
These findings were presented in Gastroenterology, the official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute.
If you’ve got a bacterial infection, taking a course of antibiotics should help restore you to health. But these powerful drugs (which include penicillin, amoxicillin, and tetracycline, to name a few) can cause some unpleasant side effects, such as yeast overgrowth and gastrointestinal trouble.
The first step in protecting yourself from these adverse effects is to avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics. Since antibiotics can only treat bacterial infections (like strep throat, urinary tract infections, and severe sinus infections), they won’t be effective against viral infections that cause the common cold, flu, or bronchitis. In addition to the risk of unnecessary side effects, inappropriate use of antibiotics can promote the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and leave you vulnerable to incurable infections later on.
If you find yourself in need of antibiotics, however, you might want to consider ways to reduce your risk of side effects.
Complementary Care for Antibiotics Users
Here are three ways to support your system while you’re on antibiotics.
1) Probiotic Supplements
Antibiotics don’t just kill the bacteria causing your sickness; they also wipe out beneficial bacteria (called probiotics) that contribute to a healthy digestive system. Taking a probiotic supplement could help prevent gastrointestinal problems resulting from antibiotic use, according to a research review published in 2008. Probiotics, also found in fermented foods like yogurt and kefir, can help stave off yeast infections as well.
2) Herbal Tea
If you experience nausea while taking antibiotics, try sipping ginger tea to soothe your stomach. Another common complaint among patients on antibiotics? Loose stools, which may be relieved by drinking raspberry leaf tea.
3) Milk Thistle
Taking antibiotics can tax your liver, which is responsible for breaking down the medications you ingest. The herb milk thistle has been associated with protective antioxidant effects on the liver.
Prevent Bacterial Infection
To reduce your risk of bacterial infections and lower your chances of having to use antibiotics, strengthen your immune system by following a healthy diet, exercising regularly, getting plenty of sleep, and managing your stress with the help of relaxation techniques.
SYDNEY – Intake of iodine is a must for developing the full intellectual potential of children, a new study has revealed.
Otago University (O-U) researchers have shown that iodine supplementation to correct the mild deficiency common in children improves their performance in cognitive tests. Fish and seafood are rich sources of iodine.
Principal Investigator and O-U nutritionist SheilaSkeaff says that while moderate to severe deficiency of iodine sometimes has disastrous effects on children’s brain development, it had previously been thought that mild deficiency had no significant cognitive consequences.
O-U researchers in nutrition and psychology undertook a 28-week trial involving 184 Dunedin children aged between 10 and 13.
The children, who were found to be mildly iodine deficient at the outset, were randomly assigned to groups which either received daily iodine tablets or a placebo.
By the trial’s end, the researchers found that the children taking the iodine supplement had achieved adequate iodine status, while the placebo group remained mildly deficient.
“In the initial round of cognitive testing, there were no significant differences between the two groups’ scores. When tested again at the end of the trial, in two sub-tests measuring perceptual reasoning, the iodine group showed a significantly improved performance relative to the placebo group,” Skeaff said.
The findings have been published online by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Constipation is a common disturbance of the digestive tract. In this condition, the bowels do not move regularly, or are not completely emptied when they move. This condition is the chief cause of many diseases as it produces toxins which find their way into the bloodstream and are carried to all parts of the body. Appendicitis, rheumatism, arthritis, high blood pressure, cataract., and cancer are only a few of the diseases in which chronic constipation is an important predisposing factor.
Infrequency, irregularity in elimination of hard faecal matter
The most common symptoms of constipation are infrequency, irregularity or difficulty in elimination of the hard faecal matter.
The other symptoms include a coated tongue, foul breath, loss of appetite, headache, dizziness, dark circles under the eyes, depression, nausea, pimples on the face, ulcer in the mouth, constant fullness in the abdomen, diarrhoea alternating with constipation, varicose veins, pain in the lumbar region, acidity, heart burn, and insomnia.
Causes of Constipation
Constipation Symptoms, Causes, Remedy and Diet
Faulty diet and style of living
The most important causes of chronic constipation are a faulty diet and style of living.
Insufficient intake of water, strong tea and coffee etc
Intake of refined and rich foods lacking in vitamins and minerals, insufficient intake of water, consumption of meat in large quantities, excessive use of strong tea and coffee, insufficient chewing, overeating and wrong combination of foods, irregular habits of eating and drinking may all contribute to poor bowel function.
Irregular habit of defecation, lack of physical activity
Other causes include faulty and irregular habit of defecation, frequent use of purgatives, weakness of abdominal muscles due to sedentary habits, lack of physical activity, and emotional stress and strain.
Constipation treatment using Bael fruit.
Generally all fruits, except banana and jack fruit, are beneficial in the treatment of constipation. Certain fruits are, however, more effective. Bael fruit is regarded as the best of all laxatives. It cleans and tones up the intestines. Its regular use for two or three months throws out even the old accumulated faecal matter. It should be preferably taken in its original form and before dinner. About sixty grams of the fruit are sufficient for an adult.
Constipation treatment using Pear
Pears are beneficial in the treatment of constipation. Patients suffering from chronic constipation should adopt an exclusive diet of this fruit or it’s juice for a few days, but in ordinary cases, a medium-sized pear taken after dinner or with breakfast will have the desired effect.
Constipation treatment using Guava
Guava is another effective remedy for constipation. When eaten with seeds, it provides roughage to the diet and helps in the normal evacuation of the bowels. One or two guavas should be taken everyday.
Constipation treatment using Grapes
Grapes have proved very beneficial in overcoming constipation. The combination of the properties of the cellulose, sugar, and organic acid in grapes make them a laxative food. Their field of action is not limited to clearing the bowels only. They also tone up the stomach and intestines and relieve the most chronic constipation. One should take at least 350 gm of this fruit daily to achieve the desired results. When fresh grapes are not available, raisins, soaked in water, can be used. Raisins should be soaked for twenty-four to forty-eight hours. This will make them swell to the original size of the grapes. They should be eaten early in the morning, along with the water in which they have been soaked.
Constipation treatment using Orange
Orange is also beneficial in the treatment of constipation. Taking one or two oranges at bedtime and again on rising in the morning is an excellent way of stimulating the bowels. The general stimulating influence of orange juice excites peristaltic activity and helps prevent the accumulation of food residue in the colon.
Constipation treatment using Papaya and Figs
Other fruits specific for constipation are papaya and figs. Half a medium-sized papaya should be eaten at breakfast for it to act as a laxative. Both fresh and dry figs have a laxative effect. Four or five dry figs should be soaked overnight in a little water and eaten in the morning.
Constipation treatment using Spinach
Among the vegetables, spinach has been considered to be the most vital food for the entire digestive tract from time immemorial. Raw spinach contains the finest organic material for the cleansing, reconstruction, and regeneration of the intestinal tract. Raw spinach juice-100 ml, mixed with an equal quantity of water and taken twice daily, will cure the most aggravated cases of constipation within a few days.
Constipation treatment using Other Remedies
Half a lime, squeezed is a glass of hot water, with half a teaspoon of salt is also an effective remedy for constipation. Drinking water which has been kept overnight in a copper vessel, first thing in the morning, brings good results. Linseed (alse) is extremely useful in difficult cases of constipation. A teaspoon of linseed swallowed with water before each meal provides both roughage and lubrication.
Natural and simple diet consisting of unrefined foods
The most important factor in curing constipation is a natural and simple diet. This should consist of unrefined foods such as wholegrain cereals, bran, honey, lentils, green and leafy vegetables, fresh and dry fruits, and milk products in the form of butter, clarified butter, and cream. The diet alone is not enough.
Chew food properly, Avoid hurried meals and irregular meals
Food should be properly chewed. Hurried meals and meals at odd times should be avoided. Sugar and sugary foods should be strictly avoided. Foods which constipate are all products made of white flour, rice, bread, pulses, cakes, pastries, biscuits, cheese, fleshy foods, preserves, white sugar, and hard-boiled eggs.
BEVERLY HILLS – Flower essences are the blossoms of plants prepared from a sun infusion in a bowl of water, then further diluted, potentized, and then preserved with brandy. These preparations embody the distinct imprint, or energetic pattern of each flower species. In holistic healing flower essence therapy is categorized under vibrational medicine. Vibrational medicine incorporates the use of chi energies within living organisms such as plants, gemstones and crystals, water, sunlight, and even the foods we eat.
Flower Essence Therapy Origins
The founder of flower essence therapy was an English surgeon named Dr.EdwardBach. He was a pioneer in understanding the connection of our emotional bodies to our physical health. The 38 original flower remedies, known as Bach Healing Herbs were used to treat the underlying emotional causes of diseases.
Ill health (physical imbalances and dis-eases) results when we are in imbalance or when we lose our awareness, are disassociated from others, or disconnected from our life purpose. The living forces of nature collected from the blooms of our flowering plants, prepared, and placed in liquid stock. and dosage bottles are used in healing our physical, etheric, astral, and spiritual bodies.
How Flower Essences Are Applied
Flower essences enjoy a reputation of being highly effective and very safe to use. Flower essences, or flower drops as I like to call them, can be taken directly from the stock bottle. A few drops are typically applied under the tongue. Alternately, three to four drops of stock essences are mixed into a liter of purified water that is sipped throughout the day.
Specialized combinations of essences are commonly prepared in one ounce dosage bottles. A dosage bottle will normally last ten to fourteen days.
The medical community is not convinced that there is enough evidence to support the effectiveness of flower essences. This is fair, admittedly, vibrational energy is very difficult to measure by scientific means. Yet, in the holistic community, flower essences are favored by practitioners to address emotional and spiritual imbalances. People suffering from clinical depression or other mental health issues should contact a licensed mental health professional for treatment.
Intuitively Selecting Flower Essences
Selecting essences can in itself be a process of inner growth and awareness. Through quiet reflection, meditation, self observation, and consulting and conversation with others, it is possible to become aware of issues in our lives that demand our attention. These may be related to any area of our lives, our work, our relationships, or our personal selves. I tend to see the flowers visually with my third eye, yet when I cross reference my visuals in my flower essence resource books. I am always amazed at how accurate intuitive-chosen flowers are. Kinesiology testing is another way that people can use to select the appropriate essences for themselves.
Apple is one of the most valuable remedies for mental depression. The various chemical substances present in this fruit such as vitamin B, phosphorus, and potassium help the synthesis of glutamic acid, which controls the wear and tear of nerve cells. The fruit should be taken with milk and honey. This remedy will act as a very effective nerve tonic and recharge the nerves with new energy and life.
Depression treatment using Cashewnut
The cashewnut is another valuable remedy for general depression and nervous weakness. It is rich in vitamins of the B group, especially thiamine, and is therefore useful in stimulating the appetite and the nervous system. It is also rich in riboflavin which keeps the body active, cheerful, and energetic.
Depression treatment using Asparagus
The root of asparagus has been found beneficial in the treatment of depression. It is highly nutritious and is used as a herbal medicine for mental disorders. It is a good tonic for the brain and nerves. One or two grams of the powder of the dry root of the plant can be taken once daily.
Depression treatment using Cardamom
The use of cardamom has proved valuable in depression. Powdered seeds should be boiled in water and tea prepared in the usual way. A very pleasing aroma is added to the tea, which can be used as a medicine in the treatment of this condition.
Depression treatment using Lemon Balm
The herb lemon balm has been used successfully in the treatment of mental depression. It alleviates brain fatigue, lifts the heart from depression, and raises the spirits. A cold infusion of the balm taken freely is reputed to be excellent for its calming influence on the nerves. About thirty grams of the herb should be placed in half a litre of cold water and allowed to stand for twelve hours. The infusion should then be strained and taken in small doses throughout the day.
Depression treatment using Rose
An infusion of rose petals should be prepared by mixing 15 gm of rose petals in 250 ml of boiling water. If drunk occasionally, instead of the usual tea and coffee, it is beneficial for treating this condition.
Depression treatment using Vitamin B
Diet has a profound effect on the mental health of a person. Even a single nutritional deficiency can cause depression in susceptible people. Nutritional therapy builds up brain chemicals, such as serotonin and norepinephrine, that affect the mood and are often lacking in depressed people. Eating foods rich in vitamin B, such as wholegrains, green vegetables, eggs, and fish helps restore vitality and cheer in an individual.
Diet for Depression
Depression : Home Remedies suggested by users
Exclude tea, coffee, alcohol, strong condiments
The diet of a person suffering from depression should completely exclude tea, coffee, alcohol, chocolate, colas, all white flour products, sugar, food colorings, chemical additives, white rice, and strong condiments.
Take three meals a day
The diet should be restricted to three meals. Fruits can be taken in the morning for breakfast with milk and a handful of nuts or seeds. Lunch may consist of steamed vegetables, wholewheat wheat tortilla and a glass of buttermilk. For dinner, green vegetable salad and all the available sprouts such as alfalfa seeds, green gram beans, cottage cheese, or a glass of buttermilk would be ideal.
ORLANDO — Chilling the brains of cardiac- arrest patients as they are raced to the hospital may help reduce neurological damage, a study found. The device used is expected to be sold in Europe in March.
The trial of 182 patients showed that 37 percent treated with the device, which pumps coolant through prongs inserted in the nose, were in good neurological condition when discharged from the hospital, compared with 21 percent with standard care. The research was presented yesterday at the American Heart Association meeting in Orlando, Florida.
Cardiac arrest shuts off blood flow to the brain, and death can start within 4 to 6 minutes if circulation isn’t restored. Resuscitated patients may have brain injuries from lack of oxygen and because restored blood flow can cause inflammation in damaged tissues. Cooling the body slows the brain so it needs less oxygen, and is thought to limit the damage.
“The earlier you can do the cooling, the better,” MaaretCastren, a lead author of the study and professor of emergency medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, said in a statement. “We now have a method that is safe and can be started within minutes of cardiac arrest to minimize damage during this very critical period.”
The device, made by closely held BeneChill Inc. of San Diego, is designed for use during resuscitation instead of after, working to limit brain damage faster. The company-funded study was done in medical centers across Europe.
No Refrigeration Needed
The device, called RhinoChill, is battery powered and doesn’t require refrigeration, which means emergency responders such as ambulance personnel can use it in the field.
Two prongs that run up through the nostrils are attached to a bottle full of liquid coolant. Oxygen bubbles through the bottle, pumping the coolant through the prongs. Each bottle holds enough to chill a person’s brain for 30 minutes, and bottles can be exchanged until a patient reaches the hospital.
Doctors now use methods such as cooling blankets and pads or catheters to reduce the body temperature of cardiac-arrest patients. Those methods are bulky and difficult to use outside a hospital, and don’t directly cool the brain, said DeniseBarbut, chairman of BeneChill and senior author of the study.
“The brain really is the target organ, not the heart,” Barbut said in an interview. While cooling the brain limits neurological damage, it also makes it easier to get the heart beating again, she said. “The brain is the organ that controls the heart, like a puppet on a string.”
Saving Dying Brain
It’s also important to lower the brain’s temperature because it’s the organ that starts dying fastest, Barbut said. RhinoChill is the first device that enables direct access to the brain, as cooling blankets and catheters depend on chilled blood to circulate through it, she said.
While guidelines established in 2005 by the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation, or ILCOR, suggest cardiac- arrest patients be cooled, the practice isn’t widely done, Barbut said. In Finland, with the highest adherence rates in the world, 61 percent of cardiac-arrest patients receive cooling therapy, while in the U.S., 25 percent do, she said.
In the RhinoChill study, 47 percent of patients survived to hospital discharge after having their brain temperatures reduced using the device during resuscitation, compared with 31 percent who were resuscitated without cooling.
Patients who received the cooling treatment during resuscitation had an average body temperature of 34.2 degrees Celsius (93.6 degrees Fahrenheit) on arrival at the hospital, while patients given standard care had temperatures on average of 35.5 degrees Celsius (95.9 degrees Fahrenheit). Temperatures were measured at the eardrum, the report said.
Side effects included three nosebleeds and 13 nasal discolorations, according to the report.
RhinoChill received marketing approval in Europe and BeneChill expects to start selling it there in March 2010. The company isn’t currently conducting clinical trials in the U.S., Barbut said.
WASHINGTON – The Preservation of Antibiotics for Medi-cal Treatment Act (PAMTA, S. 619/H.R. 1549) was reintroduced in the Senate and House. Its purpose is to preserve the effectiveness of medically- important antibiotics used in the treatment of human and animal diseases by reviewing the safety of certain antibiotics for non-therapeutic purposes in food-producing animals.
The end result: Drugs that are important for humans and used in animal feed for non-therapeutic purposes will be re-moved from the market unless the manufacturer can prove, within two years’ time, “reasonable certainty of no harm to human health due to the development of antimicrobial resistance that is attributable in whole or in part to the non-therapeutic use of the drug…”
Homeopathy is a holistic approach to treatment and its origins can be traced back to the late eighteenth century.
The main principle upon which the discipline is founded is that the administering of substances that can cause symptoms in healthy people will be able to alleviate those very same symptoms in sick patients if administered in very dilute quantities. This approach has been found to have some merit and has become increasingly popular because of the lack of side effects. It is believed that homeopathy treatment act as a stimulant for the body’s own healing mechanism.Homeopathy is therefore a holistic medicine that is closely related to many of the natural and alternative treatments like herbal medicine and naturopathic medicine.
To give you a better perspective of homeopathy medicine we can say that it rests on three basic principles.
Cold Kills Cold: This is a philosophy similar to the treatment of certain allergies today. According to this belief, if the symptoms of your sickness, whether a flu or a cold, are similar to the symptoms manifested from mercury poisoning, then it would serve as your homeopathic remedy.
Infinitesimal Dose: According to this principle the potency of homeopathic remedies increases, the more diluted it is. Homeopathy remedies are therefore almost always highly diluted to the extent that the average proportion would be 1: 1,000,000,000,000.
Medical Monotheism: It is always a single remedy that is administered, even in the presence of multiple symptoms, and this single remedy is aimed at all the symptoms.
These principles are in fact displayed in conventional treatments today for allergies and a number of vaccines as well, where the allergen is administered in a miniscule dose or an impotent sample of the virus is administered to strengthen and prepare the immune system against that very same virus. Homeopathic cures therefore have a firm scientific basis that has been tested.
The second principle also lends a great deal of merit to the discipline and adds to the notion of homeopathic natural remedies and homeopathic home remedies.
This is because no matter how toxic the remedy might be the remedy administered is in so diluted a form that it may leave no chemical trace whatsoever. According to practitioners of homeopathic therapy the remedy is still so potent because of the retention of the original substance’s electromagnetic energy alone. This means that while the toxic side effects are eliminated the healing effects are still present as these electromagnetic forces alone are enough to stimulate natural healing.
An important aspect of the single remedy principle is that every illness is regarded as individual specific, which means that the remedy for the same illness may not necessarily prescribed to both patients experiencing the same condition. This aspect of homeopathy is a lot more important than it appears to be. It requires intense investigation and research on the part of the doctor, so that he can profile the patient’s lifestyle, diet and character traits, as well as gather illness and symptom specific information.
This is therefore tedious and time consuming and requires great attention to detail, for any thorough case building. This is what makes homeopathic treatment so challenging – an inaccurate profile, results in an inaccurate diagnosis and improper treatment, while meticulous profiling and the appropriate prescription can work like a miracle.
There are a number of homeopathic herbal remedies that have been found to be quite effective, like Chamomilla, which is an extract from chamomile, and Allium cepa, a red onion extract, among many others. Some of the other effective alternative homeopathy treatments include Apis, made from bees, and Arsenicum album, an arsenic derivative, to name a few.
CHICAGO – Fasting every other day can help obese people lose weight, a small study hints.
Even though the study participants ate whatever they wanted on their non-fasting days, they lost an average of 5.6 kilograms (about 12 pounds) after eight weeks, Dr.KristaA.Varady of the University of Illinois at Chicago and her colleagues found.
What’s more, their total and “bad” LDL cholesterol levels dropped, and their blood pressure fell.
“People lost anywhere from about 7 pounds to about 30 pounds and that was in a very short amount of time,” Varady said. And, she added, the program was pretty easy for the study participants to follow.
People typically try to lose weight by cutting their calorie intake every day, Varady and her team note in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. A much rarer approach, they add, is to have people alternate “feed days” with “fast days.” Studies in normal and overweight people have shown that this strategy can indeed help people lose weight and improve their cholesterol levels.
To test alternate-day fasting in obese adults, Varady and her colleagues had 12 obese women and 4 obese men begin by eating normally for a two-week control period. Then, for eight weeks, they ate just 25 percent of the calories they needed to maintain their weight, between noon and 2 p.m., every other day.
For the first four weeks, the researchers provided study participants with their fasting day meal, while for the next four, study participants met with a dietitian every week and prepared the meal themselves.
Study participants lost about 0.7 kilograms (1.5 pounds) every week. At the end of the eight-week diet, their total cholesterol had dropped by 21 percent, on average, while their LDL cholesterol had dropped 25 percent. Moreover, their systolic blood pressure (the upper number in a blood pressure reading) had fallen by an average of five points.
While Varady and her team had thought people might overeat on their non-fasting day in order to compensate, this turned out not to be true; people typically ate between 100 percent or 125 percent of their calorie needs on their all-you-can eat days.
“I think it’s probably because their stomachs kind of shrunk,” she said.
The next step, the researcher said, will be to figure out if people can maintain the on-off approach for a longer period of time, to continue to lose weight or to maintain a healthy weight.
Anyone who wants to give the diet a try, she added, should meet with their doctor or a dietitian first.
SOURCE: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, November 2009.
One of the most effective home remedies for bronchitis is the use of turmeric powder. Half a teaspoon of this powder should be administered with half a glass of milk, two or three times daily. It acts best when taken on an empty stomach.
Bronchitis treatment using Ginger
Another effective remedy for bronchitis is a mixture comprising of half a teaspoon each of the powder of ginger, pepper, and cloves, three times a day. It may be licked with honey or taken as an infusion with tea. The mixture of these three ingredients has also antipyretic qualities and is effective in reducing fever accompanying bronchitis. It also tones up the metabolism of the patient.
Bronchitis treatment using Onion
Onions have been used as a remedy for bronchitis for centuries. They are said to possess expectorant properties. They liquefy phlegm and prevent its further formation. One teaspoon of raw onion juice, first thing in the morning, is very beneficial in such cases.
Bronchitis treatment using Spinach
Fifty grams of fresh leaves of spinach, and 250 ml of water should be mixed with a pinch of ammonium chloride and one teaspoonful of honey. This infusion is an effective expectorant in the treatment of bronchitis.
Bronchitis treatment using Sesame Seeds
An infusion of one teaspoon of sesame seeds, mixed with a teaspoon of linseed, a pinch of common salt, and a teaspoon of honey, can be given once at night with beneficial results in bronchitis. Half a teaspoon of dry seeds pounded into powder should be given, mixed with two tablespoons of water, twice daily. Alternately, a decoction of half a teaspoon of the same should be taken twice daily.
Bronchitis treatment using Almond
An emulsion of almonds is useful in bronchial diseases, including bronchitis. It is prepared by making a powder of seven kernels of almonds and mixing the powdered kernels in a cup of orange or lemon juice. This emulsion may be taken once daily at night.
Bronchitis treatment using Chicory
Chicory or endive is another effective home remedy for bronchitis. The powder of the dry root of this herb should be given in doses of half a teaspoon mixed with one teaspoonful of honey thrice daily. It is a very useful expectorant in chronic bronchitis.
Bronchitis treatment using Linseed
A hot poultice of linseed (alsi) should be applied over the front and back of the chest. This poultice may be prepared by mixing one cup or sixteen tablespoons of the seeds with a quantity of hot water, sufficient to convert them into a moist mealy mass. This should then be applied carefully. Turpentine may also be rubbed over the chest.