Less Than 1Tsp. Ginger and Cinnamon Daily Relieves Muscle Soreness in Athletes

Many well-intentioned workout resolutions have been thwarted by the first signs of sore, stiff muscles in the days following a visit to the gym.  A new study finds that two common kitchen spices help relieve that post-workout muscle pain.

Researchers at Iran’s Isfahan University of Continue reading

Protecting Your Liver When You Have Diabetes

Article is a Re-Print Courtesy of: http://www.physicaltherapyassistantschools.org/

 It’s a silent killer, and one of the worst diseases that we have brought upon ourselves through lifestyles that are sedentary and self-indulgent. It ranks right up there alongside cancer as a potent ailment that causes intense suffering and even death if you’re not careful about your diet and lifestyle. The worst part of diabetes is that it brings a host of other complications with it – you’re prone to high cholesterol, strokes, cardiac diseases, kidney failure, and complications of the liver.

The liver is one of the most important organs in our body; it is responsible for converting glucose to glycogen; it aids in digestion by generating bile to break down fats, in filters toxic substances from our blood. The liver plays a very important role in regulating your blood sugar – when you eat, the glucose level in your blood rises and this causes your pancreas to produce insulin. When the glucose enters your liver, the insulin acts on it and various enzymes including glycogen are synthesized. Once your meal is digested, your glucose levels fall, and insulin secretion is reduced. Your liver thus holds your energy source – glucose in the form of glycogen – for the next few hours, until you have your next meal.

You can see how diabetics are prone to liver disease because of this process – when your insulin levels are abnormal, your glycogen stores are either too high or too low. The accumulation of glycogen in your liver leads to what is known as the fatty liver syndrome, often seen in people who are diabetic and obese or overweight. A fatty liver leads to cirrhosis, a condition where healthy liver cells are replaced by scar tissue and nodules. The more your liver is scarred, the less it functions normally.

As a diabetic, it’s imperative that you maintain your blood sugar levels through a healthy lifestyle, sensible eating habits, and a regular exercise routine. If not, your liver is at risk, and when you endanger one of the most important organs in your body, you’re asking for a host of health complications.

Liver cirrhosis is also caused by alcohol abuse; so if you’re an alcoholic who also has diabetes, or are a likely candidate for Type II diabetes because of your genes and sedentary lifestyle, you’re dealing yourself a double whammy, a two-fisted knockout punch. You really need to reevaluate your life and make some tough decisions, because if you don’t, you may not have a life to live. Diabetes is a complicated disease; don’t make it more complicated by neglecting to manage it properly.

 

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Basic Diabetic Diet

If you have diabetes, your body cannot make or properly use insulin. This leads to high blood glucose, or sugar, levels in your blood. Healthy eating helps to reduce your blood sugar. It is a critical part of managing your diabetes, because controlling your blood sugar can prevent the complications of diabetes.

Wise food choices are a foundation of diabetes treatment. Diabetes experts suggest meal plans that are flexible and take your lifestyle and other health needs into account. A registered dietitian can help you design a meal plan.

Healthy diabetic eating includes

  • Limiting sweets
  • Eating often
  • Being careful about when and how many carbohydrates you eat
  • Eating lots of whole-grain foods, fruits and vegetables
  • Eating less fat
  • Limiting your use of alcohol

3 in 4 British Kids Don’t Know Junk Food Could Kill Them

3 in 4 British Kids Don’t Know Junk Food Could Kill Them

LONDON – Three-quarters of British children are unaware they are risking an early death by bingeing on junk food, says a new survey.

The shocking poll found that 73 per cent of eight to 15-year-olds did not know a poor diet could shorten their lifespan.

The findings are to be released on Monday at the launch of the British Heart Foundation’s Food4Thought campaign.

Around 45 per cent of respondents said they thought the most dangerous side effects were putting on weight, getting spots, tooth decay and becoming unpopular, reports The Telegraph.

A spokesman for the foundation said: “Latest predictions show that two thirds of all children will be overweight or obese by 2050 and today’s youngsters may be the first generation to live shorter lives than their parents.

“Obviously obesity is a major contributor to heart disease, which is why the BHF is launching Food4Thought, aimed at getting children more active as part of the battle against childhood obesity.”

Microwaving Hot-Dogs can Provide Protection Against Food-Borne Illness

BOULDER – A new study has revealed that microwave reheating of hotdogs or frankfurters for 75 seconds at high power can offer protection against pathogens that cause foodborne illness.

Microwave ovens are commonly used to cook and reheat food; however, these appliances often provide non-uniform heating, which may produce hot and cold spots within food products being heated.

The uneven distribution of heat could lead to the survival of pathogens in contaminated food cooked in microwave ovens.

During the study, researchers evaluated different power and time combinations of microwave oven heating for inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes on inoculated and stored frankfurters.

The study showed that highest reductions of Listeria monocytogenes contamination were obtained when frankfurters were reheated at high power for 75 seconds.

Standing time after treatment may also play a role in obtaining a more uniform distribution of heat, by conduction, after the microwave power is off and can improve microbial destruction in food.

The hotdogs that were formulated with antimicrobials, which inhibited growth of the pathogen during product storage, displayed a decrease in Listeria monocytogenes counts after microwave treatments at high power for 60-75 seconds, regardless of storage time or packaging condition.

The effectiveness of the 75 second-high power treatment depended on the contamination level of the pathogen on the hotdogs, which in turn, was related to the length of product storage and packaging condition

“Microwave oven reheating instructions must be designed specifically for each type of product and consider variations in microwave appliance power, amount of food to be reheated, age of the product and the presence of antimicrobial compounds in the formulation of the food,” said Colorado State University researcher and IFT member expert Patricia Kendall.

The study appears in the Journal of Food Science.

High-Fat Diet Harms Muscle Health in Pre-Diabetic Teens

WASHINGTON – A diet rich in fat could damage muscle health in pre-diabetic teenagers despite any problem in muscle function, says a new study.

high-fat-diet Researchers at McMaster University have reported that the health of young adult muscle declines during the pre-diabetic state, which is when blood sugar levels are higher than normal but lower than during Type 2 diabetes.

They found that during this period significant impairments occur in the muscle, even though it appears to be functioning normally.

“Based on the way the muscles performed, you would think that they’re still healthy. But the fact is the muscle is not healthy. It’s undergone a lot of pathological changes,” said Dr. Thomas Hawke, who led the study.

The team used mice to examine how a high-fat diet, leading to obesity, affected the form and function of skeletal muscle.

The researchers found that the high-fat diet resulted in insulin resistance, large increases in fat mass and weight gain, but it also led to initial adaptations in the muscle.

“What our results tell us is that, initially, skeletal muscle appears to respond positively to the high-fat diet. By changing the size or type of its muscle fibres, the muscle adapts to the high-fat diet by saying ‘Let’s burn more of this fuel,’” said Hawke.

“But with continued high-fat feeding, we’re giving the muscle more fuel than it can handle. So, even though it has made these initial, positive changes, continued high-fat feeding is more than the muscle can cope with. That’s when a downward spiral starts,” he added.

They also found that not all muscles responded in the same way to obesity, as some adapted by changing their fiber type, while others altered the size of their fibers.

But, in all cases analyzed, a high-fat diet decreased the ability of skeletal muscle to use fat or glucose as fuel.

However, if the muscles were fatigued and then were required to work, the high-fat diet group didn’t recover as quickly as the control group.

“What this suggests is that the muscle is trying to maintain function despite all the negative changes that have resulted. When we stress the muscle a bit though, such as fatiguing it, there are some hints toward functional impairment, but overall the muscle has coped well, functionally anyways,” said Hawke.

The authors concluded that early therapeutic interventions in obese, pre-diabetic youth are needed prior to significant long-term effects on the growth and function of their muscles.

The study has been published in the scientific journal PLoS One.

Doctors Unable to Restrain Mentally Ill From Smoking

CHICAGO – Depressed and anxious people are among the heaviest smokers, but doctors seldom insist that they quit, fearing their mental disorders will get out of hand. A researcher has, however, questioned this theory.

That is a myth, says Brian Hitsman, tobacco addiction specialist and assistant professor of preventive medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

Hitsman has designed and published the first comprehensive, evidence-based plan for psychiatrists, psychologists and others to help their patients quit smoking.

“These doctors and mental health specialists focus on their patients’ psychiatric health and lose track of their physical health,” said Hitsman, who is also a health psychologist.

Between 40 to 80 percent of the mentally ill are daily smokers, depending on the disorder, compared to less than 20 percent of those considered normal, say researchers.

The mentally ill also smoke more cigarettes per day — often up to two packs. They have a disproportionately high rate of tobacco-related disease and mortality, such as cardiovascular disease or cancer, with a correspondingly heavy financial burden to the health-care system.

Doctors erroneously believe mental disorders will worsen if they take away a person’s tobacco.

“Not a single study shows that symptoms get worse,” Hitsman said, according to a Feinberg release.

He examined 13 randomised clinical trials that measured psychiatric symptoms during smoking cessation treatment. Seven studies showed that psychiatric symptoms actually improved during smoking cessation treatment, and six showed no changes.

His paper appeared recently in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.