Scientists Identify Gene Linked to Facial, Skull and Cognitive Impairment

A gene whose mutation results in malformed faces and skulls as well as mental retardation has been found by scientists. Continue reading

Cell Phones: 50 Percent Increase in Frontal and Temporal Lobe Tumors in Children

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The office of National Statistics in the United Kingdom discovered a 50 percent increase in frontal and temporal lobe tumors in children during the ten year span covering 1999 to 2009. Was this a result of cell phone radiation?

The Department of Health in the UK would appear to think so. Continue reading

An increase in Prevalence of Flattened Head Found in Infants and young Children

The prevalence of plagiocephaly, a condition marked by an asymmetrical, flattening of the skull, appears to be increasing in infants and young children, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the August issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

“Plagiocephaly is characterized by unilateral flattening of the head either in the frontal or occipital [rear] region,” the authors write as background information in the study. “The presence of plagiocephaly has reportedly increased since 1992 while the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended that infants be put to sleep on their back to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome,  Continue reading

Ancient Surgeries – Trepanation and Nose Jobs

PARIS – When Phineas Gage’s skull got badly pierced in a railroad accident in 1848, many, including surgeons, had enough of evidence that his end was near. But Gage survived and lived happily thereafter. Was it an accidental case of trepanation? Trepanation could be called as a crude form of surgery, which involves drilling holes into the skull for the sake of cranial correction or treatment.

This was an ancient practice; and if medical history is anything to go by, it worked well without high risk factors involved. Trepanation has now given way to cranial surgery, which, on account of high precision involved, remains to be a highly specialized job of highly specialized people. Evidence again states that most of the surgical techniques that we call as modern now actually owe their roots to the ancient times.

According to archaeologists who have found skulls with carefully carved, man-made holes in them, the art of cranial surgery was practiced up to 5,000 years ago in Europe, and until a few centuries ago on many other continents. “Evidence of healing and bony scar tissue around the holes shows that many of these people lived long lives after going under the knife,” says Willow Lawson, a researcher.

“If you cut a hole in someoneís head, as it heals, the edges smooth out,” says John Verano, an archaeologist at Tulane University who is writing a book on the surgery. “A spongy kind of bone will grow between the gaps.”

Archaeologists think most of these ancient operations were performed to treat individuals who had suffered massive head trauma, most likely in combat. Early surgeons probably performed trepanation to remove splinters of skull bone and relieve pressure from blood clots that formed when blood vessels were broken. It was surgery at work in ancient times.

Ancient Nose Job

Other, so to say, non-invasive techniques were used for beautification than healing purposes. For example, correction of nose, which we call as rhinoplasty now, was practiced in the Ayurvedic era some 5000 years back. So was plastic surgery, which was normally employed in instances of battle wounds or animal attacks.

“Although Egyptians performed plastic surgery as early as 3400 B.C., but it was actually in India, sometime between the sixth century B.C. and the sixth century A.D. when the ancient Ayurvedic compendium Susruta Samhita was written, that the skill evolved.” says Thomas V. DiBacco, a historian at American University.